How Much Wind Can a Tree Withstand?

How much wind can a tree withstand? Trees are amazing organisms that can undergo significant abuse from the elements, but they’re not indestructible.

ECO Tree Experts is here to discuss the science of a tree’s wind resistance, from contributing factors to ways you can help your trees withstand hurricane-force winds.

Learn About Critical Wind Speed

How much wind can a tree withstand before it shows signs of stress? A 2016 study by Ecole Polytechnique and ESPCI ParisTech found that all trees break when exposed to 90 mph winds. They explain this phenomenon through a simple scaling law, where a tree’s height, diameter, or elastic properties do not matter after wind speeds reach a certain threshold.

Factors Affecting a Tree’s Wind Resistance

While this study is interesting, it’s crucial to remember that the testing environment used is not representative of real-world conditions. Other experts argue that many other factors beyond just the size or species of a tree affect its wind resistance.

Soil Structure

The growing medium also affects a tree’s wind resistance. Loose, sandy soils are not as supportive as denser, clay-based soils.

In addition, compacted soils have less pore space for water and roots to occupy. These conditions make it harder for trees to grow deep, dense root systems and increase the likelihood of succumbing to strong winds.

Root Growth

A tree’s rooting depth and density significantly affect its wind resistance. A shallower root system is less stable and uproots more easily, while a denser root system provides more support.

Trees growing in highly urbanized areas often grow shallow root systems because they become confined by sidewalks, buildings, and other structures.

Age and Condition of the Tree

Trees become taller and less flexible as they age, making them more susceptible to wind damage. Those already weakened by disease or pests are also more vulnerable.

Preventing Wind Damage

A tree’s health and growing conditions play significant roles in how well it can withstand high winds. By partnering with a top-notch tree service in Boca Raton, FL, you can ensure that your trees get the care they need to stay healthy and wind-resistant. From proper fertilization and watering to targeted pruning and pest control, our certified arborists will help your trees grow strong and withstand whatever Mother Nature throws their way.


You can help reduce the overall weight of the tree and make it less likely to topple over by removing dead or dying branches. Pruning also helps increase airflow and sunlight penetration, which can promote strong growth and help trees withstand high winds.

Soil Aeration

Compacted soil makes it difficult for trees to develop deep, dense root systems. Aerating the soil around your trees can help improve drainage and increase the amount of oxygen available to the roots.


Mulch provides a protective layer around tree roots and helps retain moisture. This can be especially beneficial during periods of drought or high winds.

Pest and Disease Control

Trees stressed by pests or diseases are more susceptible to wind damage. Arborists can help identify and treat these problems before they cause irreversible issues.

Consult with Eco Tree Experts Today

We hope we’ve answered the question, “How much wind can a tree withstand?” If you’re concerned about the wind resistance of a tree on your property, contact ECO Tree Experts today. We will assess the health of your individual trees and provide recommendations on how to improve their wind resistance.

Our certified arborists can also help you decide if it’s time to remove a tree that’s becoming a danger or liability. We encourage you to read our blog and learn the answers to commonly asked questions about tree removal in Boca Raton, FL; then call our team at 833-321-TREE.